Civic Museum of Villa Sulcis

Mount Sirai

The plateau of Monte Sirai can be easily seen from different points of the plain on which Carbonia is situated in particular from the state road 126, coming both from Iglesias, from Villamassargia and from Sant’Antioco. It was for its strategical position that the Neolithic  people and subsequently the Nuraghic people found here the right place as a point of control of the Sulcis coast (the actual Sant’Antioco) and of the metalliferous mountains of the 520 a.c., in coincidence with the conquest of the most part of Sardinia by Carthaginians,  who settled down in Monte Sirai till the II° century a.c. The Acropolis was inexplicably abandoned at the end of II° century (the Acropolis is the urban-inhabited structure) and it is the best preserved urban inhabited structure of the Phonician- Punic civilization, because it was not modified by successive constructions.

Museum entrance and Villa Sulcis. The museum and Villa Sulcis park are in Napoli street, in the centre of the town a few yards from Roma Square and the Civic Tower. The items exposed belong to the Neolithic Age, the Early, Middle and Final Bronze Age, the Nuraghic period . Most of the items come from the Phoenician-Punic settlements of Sant'Antioco and Mount Sirai.

Opening times: Winter  09-13 / 15-18 ; Summer  9-13 / 16-20

Tactile museum:Blind people can touch some of the items under the guidance of the personnel.

Dromos of tomb n.5

Entrance to the Tophet(sacrificial temple and altar)

Monumental entrance to the Acrolpolis

The Acropolis is the best preserved living and urban structure  of the Phoenician-Punic civilization, since it has not been modified by later buildings. The most part of the items found in the Acropolis, in the Necropolis  and in the Tophet(sacrificial area)are on show in the Archaeological Museum of Cagliari.

Three"Domus de Janas"(houses of witches or fairies)were also discovered in M.Sirai.They show some mysterious graffiti ,with a decorating red band,as in the Neolithic tombs of Mount Crobu.

Tanit Goddess ' symbol  , unusually upside-down(tomb n.5)

Three nuraghes are also important,one of which was incorporated into the  Fort of the Acropolis,thus becoming the  basement  of it.

The Nuraghe Sirai ,situated to the West of the hill,is certainly one of the most important Nuraghic complexes in Sardinia.It was probably a fortification with a quadrilobed plant,surrounded by a village.Very interesting clay fragments and tools are being discovered in the recent excavations 

The Nuraghe Sirai seen from Suoth and East

(photo provided by Mr.S.Solinas)

 "Su Carroppu" and the Cave of Flowers

Cave  repair of "Su Carroppu" at Sirri:It is the most ancient Neolithic settlement in Sardinia(VIII millennium b.C.).

Two skeletons have  been found with funerary ornaments(obsidian points of arms  ,bone necklaces, clay tools with a "cardiale" decoration,imprinted using clam  shells .

Entrance of the cave "Su Carroppu"

 

Entrance of the Cave of Flowers:very important from a geological and faunistical point of view for  a species of bat ,only present in this cave.

Mount Crobu

Monte Crobu seen from the new Provincial Road.

One of the caves of M.Crobu

Particularly relevant are some "Domus de Janas"(houses of witches),belonging to the Neolithic Age.

Entrance of the biggest one.(photo provided by Mr.Solinas)

Cannas di Sotto-necropoli pre-nuragica(Neolitico Medio)

Near the center of the town a Neolithic Necropolis has been recently found ,with 18 little caves classified as "Domus de Janas",which were unfortunately damaged and altered by recent constructions.A pedestrian crossing now connects the site with Villa Sulcis.

Speleology and Palentology Museum "E.A.Martel"

You can find here important items coming both from Sardinia and the peninsula.

Winter opening-times

09.00-11.00

Summer opening-times:

09.00-13.00/16.00-20.00

Services offered :

Lessons on  Speleological and Paleontological subjects and speloological excursions in caves.Visits to sites of geological and paleontological interest. 

 

 

Trilobites of the Cambrian found in  Sulcis    

   

Fossil fern